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4 Efek Bisa Buruk Bagi Janin Jika Stres Saat Hamil dan Solusinya

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Ababilnews - Stres saat hamil merupakan kondisi normal yang banyak dialami oleh ibu hamil. Namun jika dibiarkan terus menerus akan berdampak pada kesehatan janin. Oleh karena itu, mari kita cari tahu bersama dampak stres terhadap kesehatan janin dan cara mencegahnya.

4 Efek Bisa Buruk Bagi Janin Jika Stres Saat Hamil dan Solusinya

Jika ibu hamil dapat mengelola stres dengan baik, maka respons tubuh terhadap stres akan menurun dan tubuh akan kembali ke keadaan semula. Sebaliknya, stres yang tidak dikelola dengan baik berisiko meningkatkan hormon stres ibu yang dapat memengaruhi kesehatan janin di dalam kandungan.

Berbagai Efek Stres Selama Kehamilan

Jika stres pada ibu hamil tidak dikelola dengan baik, maka kesehatan ibu dan janin bisa terganggu. Berikut beberapa masalah yang terjadi jika ibu hamil menjadi stres:

1. Mempengaruhi otak janin

Stres kronis selama kehamilan diduga berkontribusi pada kelainan pembentukan otak janin dan peningkatan risiko gangguan mental pada janin di kemudian hari. Namun, penelitian lebih lanjut diperlukan untuk memastikan kaitan antara stres dan kelainan pada pembentukan otak janin.

2. Dampak terhadap tumbuh kembang bayi

Beberapa data menunjukkan bahwa ibu hamil yang tidak mampu mengatasi stres dengan baik berisiko melahirkan bayi dengan berat badan rendah atau prematur. Riset juga menunjukkan adanya keterkaitan antara stres selama kehamilan dengan peningkatan risiko gangguan perkembangan bayi, seperti ADHD dan autisme.

3. Menginfeksi pertumbuhan bayi

Stres juga bisa mempengaruhi plasenta ibu hamil. Saat ibu hamil mengalami stres, terutama pada trimester pertama, tubuh akan memproduksi hormon stres kortisol. Kadar hormon stres ini jika berlebihan dapat mempengaruhi kesehatan bayi karena dapat masuk ke selaput melalui plasenta, akibatnya pertumbuhan bayi menjadi terlalu cepat. Meski efeknya tidak selalu buruk, penting untuk mengurangi stres selama kehamilan agar bayi dalam kandungan bisa tumbuh dan berkembang secara normal.

4. Penurunan suplai oksigen ke janin

Saat ibu hamil merasa cemas, tubuhnya akan memproduksi hormon stres yang dapat mempengaruhi janin, yaitu epinefrin dan norepinefrin. Produksi kedua hormon yang berlebihan ini dapat menyebabkan penyempitan pembuluh darah dan menurunkan suplai oksigen ke rahim.

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